1 of 4
Enter Items in the Vendor Bill as the appear on the Bill from supplier
2 of 4
Multiply the freight amount percentage by the line costs to compute total costs.
3 of 4
Add the freight amount by percentage to each line item.
4 of 4
Enter a negative amount on the Expense tab when freight is not included on the bill.
The most accurate way to track freight for the re-supply of inventory is to include the freight in the value of the products you purchase from the Vendor. By capitalizing the freight (i.e. initially recording the freight as an asset instead of a cost or expense) you can include the freight in the average cost calculation for the part. When you sell an inventory part in QuickBooks, the program debits Cost of Goods Sold and credits Inventory Asset. Since QuickBooks records Costs on the sales transactions, you will automatically associate the freight directly with the income generated from the sale of the product. When you incur costs in order to generate income, it is critical for the costs and the income to post in the same reporting period.
The Primary Issue that Requires a Workaround: There is no tool in QuickBooks that allows you to burden the inventory values with the freight you paid to ship the products from the supplier’s location to yours.
The Strategy behind the Workaround: Since there is no tool to automatically burden freight costs into the value (purchase price) of inventory products, you must increase the per-unit costs to include this freight. You must do so as of the date of the Bill and the company must do this burden on each individual inventory Item included on the Bill.
When Freight Is Included on the Bill
When the supplier charges you freight and the Bill total represents both the product you ordered and the freight, including freight in the cost of the inventory parts is relatively easy. Perform the following steps when the freight is included on the same Bill as the inventory part you purchased:
1) Enter all of the inventory Items, the rates and the quantities received just as they appear on the Bill from the supplier, as shown in Slide 1 above.
2) Determine the percentage of the total Bill represented by each line Item. For example, in the Bill below the percentages for each line are:
Vendor Bill Line 1 = 3.3%
Vendor Bill Line 2 = 83.3%
Vendor Bill Line 3 = 2.3%
Vendor Bill Line 4 = 11.1%
3) Add the freight amount by percentage to each line. The total freight costs for the Bill above is $175.30. The amount multiplied by the percentages above provides the purchase costs shown in Slide 2 above.
4) Confirm that the Bill total, as shown in Slide 3 above, agrees to the Invoice your supplier sent and you then save the QuickBooks Bill.
When Freight Is not Included on the Bill
Perform the following steps to burden freight costs to the value (cost) of inventory when the freight is on a separate Bill from the inventory parts.
1) Enter the Bill for the freight on a separate Bill from the parts and make the Bill payable to the applicable Vendor (e.g. UPS or FedEx). Post the freight costs to an Account with a Cost of Goods Sold type called Freight Clearing. When you do, you will increase (debit) the Freight Clearing Account.
2) Perform the exact same steps as in the example above to allocate the freight to each line on the Bill from the supplier.
3) Since the amount of the Bill will now be more than the amount on the Invoice from the supplier, reduce the total Bill amount by entering a negative number in the Amount field of the Expenses tab. Post the negative amount to the Freight Clearing Account as shown below. The entry shown in Slide 4 above, decreases (credits) the balance in the Freight Clearing Account.
Tip: It is very time consuming to calculate the percentage of freight by line Item on each line of every Bill you enter from your supplier. An easier method might be to determine the overall ratio of inventory costs to freight costs. You can then increase the default purchase price for all inventory parts to include this markup or you could use the markup as a standard and calculate all inventory costs by that percentage. For example, if Rock Castle Construction’s total inventory purchases last quarter were $50,000 and the total freight associated with those inventory purchases was $5,000, the percentage of freight would be 10%. You would then multiple all purchase prices from suppliers by 1.10 to use the standard burden of 10%. If you have no variation is purchase prices, you could even edit the default costs for the inventory parts to include the 10% increase so no calculations are necessary on the purchase forms. In as much as actual freight costs may vary slightly from month to month, it is best to re-calculate the default percentage for the burden of freight at the beginning of each month. You could also update the default percentages quarterly if there is no significant month by month variance.
Note: You may be tempted to use the inventory adjustment window to increase the value of inventory by the freight costs. If you click “Value Adjustment” in the bottom left corner of the Inventory Adjustment window you can change the value of an Inventory Part without causing an increase or decrease in quantity on hand. However, it is best not to use an Inventory Adjustment to burden freight. The increase in the value of the Inventory Item for freight costs must take place before you use the Inventory Part on an Invoice. If you do not, the freight will not increase Cost of Goods Sold at the time of the sale.